What Is Corp To Corp (C2C)?

Camino Financial18 Nov 2019

Understanding what Corp to Corp is will help you decide if hiring a contractor to carry out some work is advantageous instead of getting it done by your employees.

This post will examine its meaning, advantages for small business owners, and how it compares with the other methods of paying people who work for you.

Table of Contents
1. What is C2C or corp to corp?
2. What are the benefits of a “Corp to Corp” contract for businesses?
3. Does the C2C contract have any advantages and disadvantages?
4. What does corp to corp mean for an independent contractor?
5. C2C rate vs. W2 vs. 1099
6. How to start a corp to corp relationship in a few steps
7. FAQs

What Is C2C or Corp to Corp?

Corp to Corp is a type of working agreement that two businesses can enter into to help one another grow. In other words, a C2C arrangement is one where a small business owner pays a contractor, but the entity receiving the payment is not treated as an employee. Consequently, the employer does not have to hire employees for the small business or calculate employees’ salaries.

How Does Corp to Corp Work

A C2C implies that one corporation makes payments to another corporation. In other words, the corporation you own is paying the corporation owned by the contractor.  Under this arrangement, the two companies will share employees and other resources to serve their customers better. This can be an excellent way for two businesses to get started, as it allows them to pool their resources and knowledge together. 
#CaminoTip Don’t confuse it with Consumer to Consumer. Consumer to Consumer is not about payments but a way to do business: when two consumers exchange goods or services, for example, when you sell used goods. It’s easy to confuse Corp to Corp meaning because people abbreviate it too as C2C.

Corp to corp taxes

When it comes to paying taxes, corporations have two options:
  • they can either pay taxes directly to the government,
  • or they can pay taxes to another corporation.
The latter option is known as "corporate to corporate" (C2C) taxation.

Advantages to C2C taxation

  • It can help to reduce the overall tax burden on a corporation.
  • It can create a more efficient system for tax collection since corporations are better equipped than individuals to handle tax paperwork.
  • C2C taxation can help prevent double taxation when a corporation pays taxes to the government and another corporation.

Disadvantages to C2C taxation

  • It can incentivize corporations to engage in tax avoidance strategies, such as moving their profits to low-tax countries.
  • It can be complicated to administer. As a result, it is essential to carefully consider the pros and cons of C2C taxation before deciding.

What Are the Benefits of a "Corp to Corp" Contract For Businesses?

There are several reasons why small business owners decide to opt for a Corp to Corp relationship with a contractor:

Tax liability: save on employment payroll taxes

The company that has employed the contractor doesn’t have to worry about paying Social Security taxes, Medicare taxes, Federal unemployment taxes, and State unemployment taxes.  In that way, you can also save on business expenses. The contractor will invoice you for the services you provided, and you will have to make payment.

You don’t run the risk of misclassifying an employee as an independent contractor

According to the rules of the IRS, you can consider independent contractors as self-employed. However, the government may consider the independent contractor you have engaged as an employee.

How does the IRS decide whether an individual is an employee or an independent contractor?

They don’t blindly follow your categorization. Instead, the IRS determines if the “employers can control” the services contractors perform. If the employer exercises this control, the IRS considers the independent contractor an employee. Bear in mind that an employee is subject to FICA and income tax withholding. It could be cumbersome as well as an expensive exercise to have to reclassify independent contractors as employees. But if the relationship with the contractor is on a Corp to Corp basis, you won’t face this issue because the contractor will have to pay their taxes.

You have limited legal responsibilities

In many situations, business owners are responsible for the conduct of their employees. A worker’s job-related accident could result in a financial loss to the employer. However, if the relationship with the contractor is on a Corp to Corp basis, the legal liability is far lower.  We have listed the benefits of Corp to Corp for employers. However, there is a significant advantage for the contractor as well. A business structured as an LLC can protect the business owner from personal liability. The contractor’s vehicle, house, and savings accounts will not be at risk in the event of a bankruptcy or if a creditor files a lawsuit. A limited liability company (LLC) protects a contractor’s assets

Does the C2C Contract Have Any Advantages and Disadvantages?

C2C employment is beneficial for both the small business owner and the contractor. However, this system does suffer from some downsides. The contractor would have to complete some paperwork to register as an LLC. This could mean spending several hundred dollars on filing fees and professional costs. Subsequently, the contractor would have to comply with the legal requirements of running an LLC. There are financial implications for the small business that has hired the Corp to Corp contractor. The amount charged for a specific task by an individual contractor is usually less than the sum you will have to pay to a Corp to Corp contractor.

Working as C2C

A C2C contractor has several advantages over working for a company.
  • Contractors usually receive higher pay than employees.
  • Contractors have more flexibility regarding hours worked and vacation days.
  • Contracting usually allows you to work for multiple companies in the same field, which can help you gain various experiences.


However, there are also some disadvantages to being a contractor.
  • Your job is less secure than working for a company; it is much easier for a company to cancel a contract with a contractor than to fire an employee.
  • You may not receive benefits such as health insurance or paid vacation days.
  • Contractors often have to provide their equipment and supplies, which can be expensive.
Discover the most common types of business

What Does Corp To Corp Mean for an Independent Contractor?

There are a few key benefits of C2C arrangements for independent contractors. First, it can help you avoid payroll taxes. When you work as an employee, your employer is responsible for withholding payroll taxes from your paycheck. But when you work as a contractor, you're responsible for paying your own payroll taxes.
  • The contractor has to pay self-employment taxes because, unlike an employee, the contractor is not technically employed by the company.
  • Therefore, the client handles tax withhold taxes from the contractor's paycheck and does not contribute to Social Security or Medicare on behalf of the contractor.

C2C arrangements can provide more flexibility in terms of how you work. You may be required to work certain hours or days as an employee, but you can typically set your schedule as a contractor

It can allow you to work with various companies, which can help you diversify your income stream.

What to Consider With a Corp to Corp Arrangement?

If you're considering a C2C arrangement, keep a few things in mind.

First, make sure you have a clear understanding of the terms of the agreement.
  • What services are you expected to provide?
  • When is payment due?
  • What are the expectations for your work schedule?
Second, be sure to comply with all applicable laws and regulations. When you work as a contractor, you're considered self-employed, so the self-employment tax is on you, which means you'll need to file your taxes. Be sure to set aside money each month to cover your tax liability. Make sure you have the right insurance in place. Your employer is typically responsible for workers' compensation and other insurance coverage when you're an employee. But when you're a contractor, you'll need to make sure you have your own insurance policy to protect yourself financially if something goes wrong.

C2C Rate vs. W2 vs. 1099

This section of the post will examine the terms “W2 employee” and “1099 contractor.” We’ll also see how these categories of workers compare with the C2C contract.

W2 Contracted Employee

The term W2 comes from the tax form used for this type of employee. The government requires that companies file Form W2 for their workers. These individuals are regular salaried employees who work full-time or part-time. As an employer, you will need to pay payroll taxes on their behalf. That means the employer pays a portion of the taxes and withholding, then remits it to an agency that handles all administrative work on behalf. If a W2 employee does not perform the job well, the employer can terminate his or her services.
#CaminoTip Commonly, the W2 arrangement is similar to being an employee; the difference could be that the client handles tax withholding.

W to W:

Working directly for a company has several advantages.
  • You are an employee of the company, which means you receive a regular paycheck and often benefits such as health insurance and paid vacation days.
  • Your job is more secure than if you were working as a contractor; it is much harder for a company to fire an employee than to cancel a contract with a contractor.
  • Working for a company usually comes with a set of rules and procedures that you must follow, which can be helpful if you are not sure what to do or need guidance on a particular task.
Disadvantages of W2
On the other hand, working for a company also has some disadvantages.
  • Your payment may be lower than if you were working as a contractor.
  • You may have less flexibility in terms of hours worked and when you take vacation days.
  • Companies often require employees to sign an agreement stating that they will not work for any other company in the same field for a certain period of time after leaving the first company.

Corp to Corp Vs W2

Both have their pros and cons, and the best option for each individual depends on their situation. When choosing between a W2 vs. corp-to-corp arrangement, it's important to consider your needs and preferences to determine which option is best for you. As a W2 employee, you are an employee of the company you work for. This arrangement offers stability and the ability to receive benefits such as health insurance and retirement savings. However, W2 employees are also subject to taxes and typically have less control over their work hours and duties. On the other hand, Corp-to-corp contractors are self-employed individuals who contract with companies to provide services. This arrangement gives contractors more freedom and flexibility, but it also means being responsible for their own taxes and benefits.

Corp to Corp Vs. 1099 contractor

The numerals 1099 also refer to a tax form. As independent contractors, you need to file out form 1099. These workers are usually hired for a specific period or a particular task. A 1099 contractor could, in turn, hire workers to help complete the assigned task. If you are a contractor, you should file taxes because you aren’t part of the customer corporation and therefore cannot get reimbursement or benefits from them on their employees’ W2s. Instead, use your own personal information for this type of paperwork, so it correctly reflects what’s going down with business between ourselves (you) & The IRS/State authorities where we live out our contracts! Unlike W2 employees, 1099 contractors aren’t eligible for health insurance, paid holidays, and other benefits.

Is C2C or 1099 better?

There is no simple answer to this question, as it depends on a variety of factors including your individual tax situation, business type, and state of residence. Generally speaking, however, 1099 income may be more advantageous for self-employed individuals, as it allows you to deduct business expenses from your taxable income. C2C income, on the other hand, is considered employee wages and is subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes. Here’s a table summarizing the difference between 1099 and corp to corp with W2 employees.

W2 vs. 1099 vs. C2C: at a glance

W2 employee 1009 contractor  Corp to Corp contractor
Type of employment  A W2 employee is an employee in the traditional sense  Self-employed independent contractor  Contractor 
Withholding taxes  Taxes are withheld by the employer  Taxes are not withheld  You may have to pay yourself a salary. This will be subject to withholding tax. 
The extent of control exercised by the employer  The employer exercises a high degree of control over the work that the employee carries out.  Limited control  Limited control 
Materials and tools used to carry out the work  Provided by the employer  The contractor arranges the materials and tools  The contractor arranges the materials and tools
How is the payment made?  The employer makes it in the form of a salary The contractor raises an invoice The contractor raises an invoice 
Expense involved  W2 employees are usually paid less than contractors for a similar task. However, you usually have a long-term commitment to this category of worker.  It could be more expensive than a W2 employee.  Corp to Corp contractors usually charges a premium for their services

How to Start a Corp to Corp Relationship in a Few Steps

The first thing you need to do is identify the corporation you want to establish a business relationship. Once you do this, you need to contact that corporation and ask them to become your business partner. They will need to complete a Business Partner Application, which can be found on their website. When you have the corporation approved, you must create an Agreement between Corporation A and B. This document will outline the terms and conditions of the Corp to Corp relationship. It is essential to make sure that both corporations agree with the terms outlined in this document. Next, you will need to set up a bank account for each corporation involved in the Corp to Corp relationship. You should use this account specifically for business transactions between the two corporations. Transactions between the two corporations should always take place through this account.

Corp to Corp Requirements

These are the requirements for setting up a Corp to Corp relationship in the United States. The two corporations must:
  • Register with the state government.
  • Have the same business purpose.
  • Have common directors or officers.
  • File a joint tax return.
There you have it! These are the requirements for setting up a successful Corp to Corp relationship in the United States. If you follow these steps, you will be well to establish a successful business partnership!

Is C2C What Your Business Needs?

As a small business owner, you can gain several benefits from hiring Corp to Corp contractors. As there’s no long-term commitment to employ them, you gain the flexibility of engaging them when needed. Your record-keeping and paperwork are also simplified, as you would not need to maintain employee-related data or withhold taxes. On the flip side, Corp to Corp contractors can be more expensive than W2 employees or 1099 contractors. So, what should you do? Go with C2C or hire employees for your company? As a general rule, a Corp to Corp contractor could be a better option for one-time tasks requiring specialized skills. W2 employees are preferable for regular long-term requirements. At Camino Financial, we live by our motto, “No business left behind.” We endeavor to provide you with the information and tools to help you grow your business and increase your profits. Differences between DBA, Sole Proprietorship, LLC and Corporation


What is C2C employment?

C2C employment is when a company hires a contractor to do work for them instead of hiring someone full-time. It can be an excellent way for companies to get work done without having to take on the responsibility of hiring and paying someone full-time, and it can also be a great way for contractors to find work. There are some downsides to the Corp to Corp agreement, such as the lack of benefits that contractors usually don’t receive, but overall it’s a great way for both companies and contractors to get what they need.

What is a corp to corp job?

A corp-to-corp job is a job between two companies. The hiring company contracts with the placement agency, which then hires the employee and puts them to work for the client company. Often, recruiters arrange these jobs, specializing in finding temporary or contract workers for companies.

How to tell if a company is an s corp or c corp

There are a few ways to tell if a company is an S Corp or C Corp. One way is to look at the corporate designation on the company's documentation. You can usually find it on the Articles of Incorporation or Certificate of Incorporation. The other way to tell is by looking at the company's tax return form. S Corps generally use Form 1120S, while C Corps use Form 1120. Finally, you can contact the company directly and ask them which type of corporation they are.

What is an S corporation?

An S corporation is a type of corporation under United States federal tax law. An S corporation has the same limited liability as a regular corporation, but its income passes through to its shareholders for income tax purposes. This means that the corporation itself does not pay any income taxes and that shareholders report their share of the company's income on their personal tax returns.

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